|Stable carbamate pathway towards organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites and aromatic imines|
: 149 : 2020.12.08 00:00
|Hur, Nam Hwi & Lee, Byeongno & Lee, Kyu Hyung & Kim, Sun Joo & Park, Hee Sun & Lim, Byung Wook 2020.10.14|
Stable carbamate pathway towards organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites and aromatic imines
Methyl ammonium methyl carbamate (MAC), formulated as CH3NH3+CH3NHCO2-, was synthesized by reacting liquid methylamine with supercritical CO2, and its structure was refined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. MAC is a white crystalline salt and is as reactive as methylamine, and is a very efficient alternative to toxic methylamine. We were able to produce hybrid perovskite MAPbI(3) (MA = methyl ammonium) by grinding MAC with PbI2 and I-2 at room temperature, followed by storing the mixed powder. Moreover, this one-pot method is easily scalable for the large-scale synthesis of MAPbI(3) in a small vessel. We have also investigated the reactivity of MAC towards aromatic aldehydes in the absence of solvent. The solventless reactions afforded imines as exclusive products with over 97% yield, which show higher selectivity than the methylamine-based synthesis. Complete conversions were typically accomplished within 3 h at 25 degrees C. The results of this study emphasize the importance of solid carbamates such as MAC to develop an environmentally friendly process for the synthesis of various amine-based materials on the industrial scale.