|Second-Harmonic Generation and Photoluminescence Properties of Sn(II)- and Bi(III)-Based Lone Pair Cation-Pyridine Dicarboxylate Coordination Compounds|
: 86 : 2020.11.03 00:00
|Ok, Kang Min 2020.08.17|
Second-Harmonic Generation and Photoluminescence Properties of Sn(II)- and Bi(III)-Based Lone Pair Cation-Pyridine Dicarboxylate Coordination Compounds
Lone pair cation-based novel coordination compounds Sn[(pdc)(H2O)] (Sn-I) and (H(2)bpy)[Bi(pdc)(2)(Hpdc)]center dot 5H(2)O (Bi-I) (pdc = pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate; bpy = 4,4'-bipyridine) were synthesized through mild hydrothermal reactions. While Sn-I crystallizing in the polar space group, Pca2(1), exhibits a helical chain structure consisting of SnO3N distorted seesaws, 2,6-pdc linkers, and water molecules, Bi-I crystallizing in the centrosymmetric (CS) space group, P (1) over bar, reveals a pseudo-3D network composed of BiO5N3 polyhedra, 2,6-pdc ligands, H(2)bpy(2+) cations, and isolated H2O molecules. The lone cations Sn2+ and Bi3+ in the title compounds are in a highly deformed polyhedral environment. The single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation from Sn-I to the anhydrous Sn[(pdc)] (Sn-II) with the polar noncentrosymmetric structure was successfully achieved upon heating crystals of Sn-I. UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra indicate that the introduction of Sn2+ or Bi3+ red-shifts the adsorption edges upon coordination. Powder second-harmonic generation (SHG) measurements indicate that Sn-I and Sn-II are type-I phase-matchable and exhibit SHG intensity of ca. 15 and 35 times that of alpha-SiO2, respectively. Solid state photoluminescence (PL) measurements indicate that Bi-I is an excellent green emitting phosphor with the quantum efficiency up to 26% and outstanding decay lifetime of 1.82 ms at room temperature.