|Transition metal ion co-doped MgO-MgF2-GeO2:Mn4+ red phosphors for white LEDs with wider color reproduction gamut|
: 438 : 2020.03.30 00:00
|JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS|
|Jo, Hongil 2020.03.25|
Transition metal ion co-doped MgO-MgF2-GeO2:Mn4+ red phosphors for white LEDs with wider color reproduction gamut
Park, HW (Park, Hyun Woo)[ 1 ] ; Jo, H (Jo, Hongil)[ 2 ] ; Anoop, G (Anoop, Gopinathan)[ 3 ] ; Yoo, JS (Yoo, Jae Soo)[ 1 ]
Mn4+- activated non-rare-earth based red phosphors are excellent down conversion materials for phosphor-converted light-emitting diode (pc-LEDs) based solid-state lighting applications. However, the low quantum efficiency of Mn4+ activated red phosphors under InGaN based blue LED excitation hinders their use in phosphor-converted LEDs. To enhance the absorption at an excitation wavelength of around 420 nm in Mn4+-doped MgO-MgF2-GeO2 (MGF: Mn4+), which is a conventional red-emitting lamp phosphor, we doped MGF: Mn4+ phosphors with transition metal oxides (Sc2O3, Lu2O3, Y2O3, and La2O3) replacing MgO. When excited using 420 nm light, the absorption ratio of the synthesized phosphors with Sc2O3 (Sc-MGF:Mn4+) was 58% with an internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of 55% as compared to the 35% IQE of the pristine MGF-Mn4+ phosphor. White LEDs were fabricated using Sc-MGF-Mn4+ (red), and beta-SiAlON:Eu2+ (green) on InGaN chips (lambda(em) = 450 nm) and their performance was compared to the optical performance of LEDs fabricated using K2SiF6:Mn4+ as the red phosphor. According to the National Television System Committee (NTSC) standard, the color reproduction coverage with an Sc-MGF:Mn4+ phosphor-loaded white LED was 121% by the International Commission on Illumination (CIE) 1976, and 80% by the BT.2020 standard. The coverages are 9% and 6% higher than the coverages of LEDs fabricated using K2SiF6:Mn4+ as the red phosphor according to the NTSC and BT.2020 standards, respectively. Our simple approach to enhance the IQE of Mn4+ activated phosphors by co-doping transition metal oxides can be extended to other Mn4+ activated phosphor systems for applications that require enhanced absorption, higher luminescent emission intensity, and a wider gamut of color reproduction. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.